Research generally suggests that women receive more social support than men in terms of emotional support. However, there is also evidence that when working in male-dominated fields, women often receive less support in terms of being provided with important information or instrumental help with work tasks. A questionnaire study by Jean Wallace from the University of Calgary investigates these issues in the medical profession.
In line with previous research she finds that women receive (or at least report receiving) more emotional support than their male colleagues. However, her results do not show a gender difference in instrumental support and women actually report receiving more rather than less informational support.
This is encouraging in that it shows that women are actually well integrated in supported in the medical field. On the other hand, the results might also simply be a reflection of the fact that women are more willing to admit receiving help.
Despite the low number of women in surgery, those who do decide to become surgeons generally report high job satisfaction that does often not differ very much from that of their male counterparts. However, do they achieve their satisfaction in different ways? A study by Nasim Ahmadiyeh and colleagues investigates this issue.
They interviewed a sample of male and female surgeons who were all married and had children using semi-structured interviews and found, among other things, that men and women in surgery did indeed report similar levels of career satisfaction. In addition to that they also did not differ in the degree to which they had made trade-offs between their careers for their personal lives or vice versa. However, when talking about the reasons for their satisfaction and dissatisfaction, men and women differed. While male surgeons mostly named internal job characteristics as reasons for dissatisfaction, female surgeons spoke much more often about a lack of support and lack of credit. Furthermore, women also seem to rely on different strategies for success. They stressed the importance of social networks – professional as well as personal – far more than men did. This, of course, makes sense if they experience a lack of support.
These findings indicate that networking opportunities such as Women in Surgery are indeed very important and beneficial for female surgeons as they address the lack of support experienced by them.